Knee calcification (Osteoarthritis)
Arthritis is a general term for the inflammation of joints. Osteoarthritis, commonly known as wear and tear arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis. It is associated with the breakdown of cartilage in the joints and can be seen in almost every joint of the body. It is usually seen in the joints of the hips, knees and weight bearing joints of the spine. It affects the thumb, neck and toe.
Osteoarthritis, also called OAA, does not affect other joints unless there is previous injury, excessive stress, or underlying cartilage defect.
Knee calcification loses its smoothness by losing the structure and functions of the joint. Knee calcification is a discomfort that continues to progress gradually.
When the treatment of knee calcification is not done, more pain will be experienced with the day. In knee calcification, pain occurs first. Then the movement of the leg is restrained and the bending in the legs begins. Knee calcification is much more common in men than in women.
Excess weight plays an important role in knee calcification. As the weight increases, the calcification in the knees progresses. People who have arthritis in their knees lose weight to help relieve the discomfort.
Cartilage is a tight, rubber-like material that covers the ends of bones in normal joints. Its main function is to reduce friction in joints and function as "shock absorbers". The shock absorbing qualities of normal cartilage are due to their ability to deform when compressed (shaped or printed).
Osteoarthritis causes the joint cartilage to harden and lose its flexibility, which makes it more susceptible to damage. Over time, cartilage can wear out in some areas, which reduces its function as a shock absorber. Tendons and ligaments are stretched and causes pain when the cartilage is broken. If the situation worsens, the bones can rub against each other.
Who suffers from calcification?
The probability of the development of the disease increases with age. People over 60 have some sort of osteoarthritis, but the severity changes. Even in people aged 20-30, osteoarthritis occurs, but there is usually an underlying cause, such as joint injury or recurrent stress resulting from overuse. Men over 50 especially tend to suffer the most from osteoarthritis.
What is the indication of knee calcification?
Indications of knee calcification include:
- Joint pain, especially pain with increased motion
- Excessive use or pain after long periods of inactivity
- Stiffness after periods of resting. Extension of the joints in the middle and end bones of the fingers (may or may not be painful)
- Joint swelling
Why does the Calcification occur?
There are several factors that increase the risk of knee calcification. These factors are:
- Heredity. Some people have a hereditary defect in one of the genes that provides cartilage formation. This causes a cartilage defect that leads to a faster disruption of the joints. People born with joint anomalies are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, and those who are born with a spinal abnormality (eg, scoliosis or the spleen) are more likely to develop osteoarthritis of the spine.
- Obesity increases knee, hip and spine osteoarthritis risk. Getting down to the ideal weight, by getting rid of excess poultry, can help to prevent calcification in these areas or to reduce the risk of progression after arthritis treatment.
- Injuries cause osteoarthritis to develop. For example, athletes with knee-related injuries may have a high risk of developing osteoarthritis. In addition, the backbone of people with severe back injury may be prone to develop osteoarthritis. The development of osteoarthritis may occur in the joints of people with fractures near the joint.
- Excessive use. Excessive use of some joints increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis. For example, the knees of people who work in jobs that require the directory to bend repeatedly are at risk of calcification.
- Osteoarthritis is more likely to develop in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, the most common arthritis. In addition, some rare conditions, such as excess iron or excessive growth hormone, increase the risk of calcification.
How is the osteoarthritis diagnosed?
The diagnosis of osteoarthritis is based on a combination of the following factors:
- Osteoarthritis assistive devices
- Correct disclosure of complaints during examination
Location and shape of the pain
- Physical examination
- X-ray films
You can also use X-rays to confirm your diagnosis and make sure you do not have any other kind of arthritis. X-rays show the level of joint damage. If X-ray results do not clearly indicate arthritis or other conditions, MRI may be required for a better analysis of the joint and surrounding tissues. Sometimes blood tests can be done to determine if there is a different type of arthritis. If there is a fluid accumulation in the joint, you can take some of the fluid under the microscope to diagnose other diseases (this is called aspiration).
Treatment of Knee Calcification
- In calcification treatment, in the begging, a stronger anti-inflammatory drug or other medication may be given to help reduce pain. Some medicines, such as cream or spray, may be used to stop the pain. Steroids can be injected directly into people who persist in pain despite these pills or creams. Although some experts believe that this will accelerate joint damage, injections may be administered several times a year.
- The injection of hyaluronic acid directly into the knee joint can relieve calcification pain.
Are there alternative treatments for arthritis?
- Weight loss helps to cure diabetes by reducing the burden of the extra weight
- Knee calcification may be recommended in some cases. The level of calcification for walking is important. Exercise or walking is not recommended if you feel pain while walking or if you experience severe pain after walking. However, if you do not feel pain during or after walking, walking and exercise can be done.
- Pain can be relieved by pain medication for the knee calcifications. Pain relief drugs are very important in the way they are used, and they must be prescribed by a doctor.
- Hot treatment is applied to stop swelling. If the patient has edema or swelling problem, they should not apply hot springs or hot treatment without consulting the doctor. Edema or swelling in the legs is a sign of heart, vascular and blood pressure disease and may be harmful to the patient.
- A fluid can be injected to reduce friction on the knee. If intra-articular lubricant fluid is injected, the patient should not over-work their knee for at least 48 hours, they should not over-stand, and should not be move a lot/
- Physical therapy in knee calcifications is a commonly used treatment modality. Physical therapy treats the disease in the first stages of calcification, and only in the advanced stage of calcification, it reduces the severity of the pain.
Bone orientation surgery is an important step in the treatment of knee arthritis. The damaged knee cap is treated by bone-guiding surgery.
Acupuncture has been shown to be painful in some osteoarthritic patients.
- Supporting or assistive devices may help reduce the stress on the osteoarthritic joints. Knee support stabilizes the ligaments and tendons in some patients and helps reduce pain.