Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury and Treatment
One of the most common knee injuries is sprain or tear of the anterior cruciate ligament. Athletes participating in high performance sports such as football and basketball are more likely to damage the anterior cruciate ligaments. If you have injured your anterior cruciate ligament, you may need to undergo a surgery to gain full function of your knee. This will depend on various factors, such as the severity of your injury and your level of activity.
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the anterior cruciate ligament located between the femur and tibia. The anterior cross-link is a pair of cross-links in the human sequence (the other is the back cross-link). They are also called cross-shaped bonds, since they are arranged in a cross-form. It is also called cranial cross-link in a quadruple joint knee-like, based on its anatomical position. The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the four major ligaments and the ACL provides 85% of the retention force for the anterior tibial displacement at 30 degrees and 90 degrees knee flexion. It provides a front cross-leg control and prevents the fledgling from stepping forward in an uncontrolled way and ensures a correct walk.
What are the causes of anterior cruciate ligament injuries?
About half of all injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament damage joint cartilage, meniscus or other ligaments in the knee. The main cause of cross ligament injuries is buckles. Anterior cruciate ligament injuries occur as a result of sprained legs, or leg twists. Direct string impacts can also occur after sudden falls from high and traffic accidents.
Buckles are divided into classes according to their severity:
Class sprains: The ligament is slightly damaged; but it can still help keep the knee joint stable.
Class sprains: This usually means that the vineyard is partially torn.
Class unbreakable: The bond is completely torn. The ligament is divided into two parts.
What are the indications of anterior cruciate ligament injuries?
Different complications arise in the anterior cruciate ligament injuries. These complications are:
When you are moving, you will feel a knee rupture and you will hear a rupture sound. A regional severe pain is felt in the knee and the entire leg.
Internal bleeding in the anterior cruciate ligament rupture can lead to edema, bruising or redness in the knee. Due to edema, the ability to move the index is reduced and it becomes difficult to move it.
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries suffer from walking difficulty, temporary disability in the patient may occur.
The sudden numbness of the leg during walking prevents the movement of the leg.
In some cases, the feeling of moving from the index location may occur.
What should be the first intervention in anterior cruciate ligament injuries?
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are predominantly a disorientation seen in sportsmen. A cross-ligament injury, which results in the knee being wasted while the foot is pressed, which causes severe pain in the patient. Recognizing that the patient has anterior cruciate ligament injury in the leg facilitates first aid.
Anterior cruciate ligament injury causes the feeling that something is missing in the leg. In addition, there is severe pain and numbness in the leg. It even feels like your leg is broken. If such complaints are present, the possibility of anterior cruciate ligament injury is high.
The first thing to do in this case is to stop moving. The patient should be transported to the hospital by stretcher or lap without stepping on his foot.
In patients with anterior cruciate ligament injuries, a cold compress or elastic bandage may be applied to the patient to reduce pain.
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries usually require no treatment; swelling in the leg, pain or redness may be over in about 1 week. A person would be able to walk by pressing on it normally.
How is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament injury Diagnosed?
To diagnose the anterior cruciate ligament injuries, the patient's injury story is first heard. At this point it is very important that the patient can express the problem correctly. What the patient initially felt at the time of the event is the fact that a feeling of rupture in the leg does not arise, and that facilitates the diagnosis of the injured leg. Then, an x-ray is required for definitive diagnosis. X-rays can be definitively diagnose whether or not there is a break in the bond between the thigh and the tibia
Physical Therapy in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are resolved by physical therapy. In the first stage of the disease, physical therapy does not fully affect the knee because of severe edema and pain. Physical therapy treatments may need to be continued for 10 to 15 days to get a complete result.
After 15 days of injury, a more effective and intensive physical therapy plan is applied. Thus, the patient can participate more effectively in physical therapy treatments, and healing can be achieved more rapid.