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Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

What is Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation? Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, neuromuscular, musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems, physical and functional disorders. Physical therapy refers to the use of physical agents and techniques in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Physical therapy methods are the application of physical agents from outside the body. The applied physical therapy agents do not create any lesions or wounds in our body. Reducing or eliminating the intentional pain of physiotherapy practice, the functioning of the organs to regain the daily life activities of the patient is to take place in society as an independent individual. Rehabilitation is the treatment of congenital or acquired loss of mobility. In rehabilitation, the goal is to bring the patient to the highest possible level of physical, psychological, social, occupational and non-professional, and in education, despite environmental constraints and physiologic-anatomical disorders. What are the purposes of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation? Reduction of pain,      Muscle relaxation,      Influence of the circulation on the positive direction,      Removal of inflammation,      Restoration of functions; Increase of movement, strengthening and coordination of muscles,      Reducing the need for medication,      Prevention and correction of posture (posture) disorders can be counted. Physical therapy and rehabilitation practices may be useful and necessary if medical and surgical treatments are inadequate-ineffective-unnecessary, if the disease is likely to become chronic and progressive, if it adversely affects daily life or if disability develops. What are the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Practices? An appropriate physical therapy program is planned according to the patient condition. Physical therapy should be done under the supervision of a specialist physician. This treatment schedule may include one or more of the application of medication and physical therapy and therapeutic exercises. Physical Therapy program to be applied      Cold response,      Superficial heat (infrared, hot pack, paraffin, swirl bath),      Deep heat (ultrasonic, short wave diathermy, radar),      Electrotherapy (tens, electrostimulation, vacuum-interference, diadinami, galvanic-faradic current)      Hydrotherapy (contrast bath, spa treatment, underwater massage, electrogalvanic bath, swirl bath),      Mechanotherapy (mobilization and manipulation, support of traction, pneumatic compression, splint, brays, corset, bandage, cane etc.)      Like therapeutic exercises It may involve one or more of the physical therapy methods. What are the treatments under Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation? Acute and chronic pain treatment Treatment and follow-up of rheumatic diseases Orthopedic rehabilitation and sports injuries Rehabilitation of neurological and neuromuscular diseases Pediatric rehabilitation Metabolic bone diseases (Osteoporosis etc.) Congenital or acquired joint and bone disorders Post-burn rehabilitation Cardiac rehabilitation Geriatric rehabilitation How Long is the Time for Physical Therapy? Physical therapy is done in sessions. A total of 15-20 sessions of 1-1.5 hours are applied. Rehabilitation is a longer process, treatment can take many years Are Physical Therapy Practices Painful ? During physical therapy, the patient does not feel pain. However, if the patient has limited joints, for example if he can not lift his shoulder, then the physiotherapy may cause slight pain as it contains stretching exercises. What are the Situations Where Physiotherapy is Inappropriate? Inflammation (inflammatory) is not effective on the active periods of rheumatic diseases (joints, swelling, periods when it is hot and painful), vascular occlusions, varicose veins, open sores and inflamed areas. What are the Possible Risk and Side Effects of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Practices? treatment approaches  have very few risk and Side effects . However, uncommon effects such as skin rashes and tenderness can be seen in rare cases.      Significant risks that are even more uncommon are skin burns, heart rhythm disorders, skin hypersensitivity, blood pressure changes, muscle-tendon injury-breakdown, electrical shock during opening of joint constraints.      Risks are rarely seen in the presence of appropriate technique, adequate medical equipment and experienced medical personnel.      In order to minimize the frequency of these cases, you should give your doctor detailed information about your pre-treatment medical condition. You should tell your doctor about the conditions of known drug allergies and diseases.

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Obesity Rehabilitation

Obesity Rehabilitation

Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in the body that will limit the daily life of the person and cause comorbid illnesses. There are several different ways to identify excess fat tissue. The most common is Body Mass Index (BMI). The fat cell is an endocrine cell and the fat tissue is an endocrine organelle. Therefore, it secretes a number of substances including fatty tissue metabolites, cytokines, lipids and, among others, coagulation factors. Over-fat or obesity at significant levels causes increased levels of circulating fatty acids and inflammation. This can lead to insulin resistance and cause type 2 diabetes in the patient. What are the types of obesity? Body mass index ratio is very important in defining obesity. Those with body mass index between 30 and 34.90 are overweight, those between 35 and 39.90 are overweight, those with body mass index greater than 40 are included in the morbid obesity class. And along with many complaints lead to discomfort What diseases are caused by obesity? Obesity itself is a very serious disease that affects one's entire life. However, it also causes comorbid diseases. Obesity-triggered diseases are:      Obesity can cause type 2 diabetes in people by causing insulin resistance.      Blood pressure disorders are among the disorders caused by obesity. Complaints such as palpitations and shortness of breath affect one's quality of life in the negative.      Heart and vascular diseases can put a person's life at risk seriously.      Muscle and skeletal system can be seriously damaged.      Obesity can also lead to uterine, pelvic and intestinal diseases.      Sleep apnea, the problem of respiratory arrest in sleep, is at the head of the most serious disturbances caused by obesity What are the causes of obesity? Obesity can have more than one cause. These include:      Calorie and fat product high nutrition habits are the most important cause of obesity. Food should be avoided from fast food foods, fried foods and foods with high sugar content.      Inactivity and regular exercise are among the causes of obesity. It is of great importance that the calories taken from the body are burned with exercise and motion so that they are not stored in the oil.      Obesity does not originate only from malnutrition and inadequate behavior. Genetic factors and slow metabolism can also cause excessive fat accumulation in one's body. How to prevent obesity? In order to prevent obesity, metabolic disorders must be treated, if at all. Then healthy eating and regular exercise should be made an indispensable part of the lifestyle. Here are ways to prevent obesity:     Healthy and regular eating habits are very important for the prevention of obesity. Low fat and calorie content, high protein and vitamin content should be consumed. You also need to reduce the amount of portions your body can consume and overdose disorder. The amount of calories consumed daily should be calculated on a regular basis. At this point you have taken the most important step to reduce the risk of obesity.     It is very important to exercise regularly. You should take care to do the most appropriate thing on a regular basis, such as walking, cycling, swimming or other activities. You should be the first goal of your exercise plan, if you will ever build more of the calories you receive from the grapes. How is obesity treated? In the treatment of obesity, a specialist dietitian and exercise specialist are provided to give more weight. The dietician allows the patient to adjust the dietary habits completely. The calorie is low, nutritional feature is high, balanced eating habit is obtained. Most importantly, the portions are reduced. Exercise specialist prepares an exercise program for the general body structure and health of the person. Helps to give excessive weight by ensuring that the exercises are carried out regularly and steadily. How is obesity rehabilitation applied? Obesity rehabilitation is a last-seen effective treatment program implemented by physical therapists. The patient is initially assessed by a private team and a personalized treatment program is issued. With obesity rehabilitation, not only can one get rid of excess weight, but also the treatment of comorbid diseases is provided. Muscle and skeletal system disorders, especially smart exercise, massage and so on. It is aimed to improve the general health of the person with the applications. In obesity rehabilitation, treatment is planned considering the age, weight and general health status of the person. A full-scale therapy program is introduced, including diet and exercise specialists. Intelligent exercise tools allow the patient to exercise more easily and consistently. With the patient's full compliance with the diet and exercise program, an average of 4 or 5 pounds per month can be achieved. Obesity rehabilitation is completed by withdrawing the body mass index of the patient to normal level. The patient is more eager to participate in the program with the advantage of having healthy muscles to lose weight in the first light of the day.

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Neck pain

Neck pain

The neck provides the connection between the head and the body. Supports our head and holds it in a balanced position. It allows you to move easily in many directions. The great vessels that pass from the head to the body are responsible for protecting the spinal nerves leading to the arm. The neck has the most complex joint structure in the body and is the most mobile part of the spine. These causes are open to acute or occupational trauma. Neck pain is a common health problem and can be seen in people of all ages. Every third person in the community recalls that they had neck pain at least once in their lifetime. The vast majority have mild and temporary pain. It can rarely be very painful, but sometimes severe enough to cause disability. Nowadays, especially when working at a desk, neck pain is widespread among computer users. The incidence of neck pain increases with age progressing. Tensions in daily life and work stress increase neck pain. Back pain and neck pain, numbness in the hands, dizziness, imbalance and headache can be seen. Neck problems can also occur suddenly after an accident Problems Causing Neck Pain Neck pain may originate from the spine, such as bone and muscle structure joints, ligaments and nerves may be due to soft tissue like. The most common cause of neck pain is soft tissue difficulties. Other neck pain caused by muscle and connective Injuries, Trauma, osteoarthritis (Arthritis), Neck Hernia (disc hernia), rheumatic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, such as disease), spinal canal Contraction, Psychological Factors, poor posture, very soft bed and lack of appropriate thickness of the pad, myofascial pain Syndrome called neck and soft tissue associated pain is manifested by sensitive points back muscles, neck tumors, spinal cord tumors, bone infections (tuberculosis, brucellosis) can be the cause of neck and arm pain. pain caused by the shoulder joint can mimic neck and arm pain. Esophagus, trachea, rarely felt pain in the neck in thyroid and lung diseases. How is Neck Pain Treated? A painful and distressed neck may get better within a few days - a few weeks, even if no special treatment is done. The only thing usually required is to provide a comfortable position as much as possible. The following treatment methods can be used when neck pain is severe and lasts for a long time. Medication Simple painkillers, antirheumatic drugs and muscle relaxants are frequently used in painful periods Non-drug treatments Hot application and massage can relax the muscles and relieve pain. Physical therapy agents (electrical currents, heating agents, traction, etc.) can be used in treatment. Neck tightening also helps to restrain joints and muscles and alleviate pain by restricting neck movements. Painful topical pain relief injections may be effective in soft tissue-derived pain (especially in myofascial pain). In addition to these treatments, HIL THERAPY (high intensity laser applications) is effective in resolving acute pain and muscle spasms. In addition, with the Spinal Decompression System (Drx) it is possible to shrink the neck without surgery and reduce the pain. Exercises The exercises recommended for the neck provide full range of motion and increase muscle strength. It is very helpful in the treatment of the complaints of arrest which can stay long after the pain has passed. Sports activities involving soft neck movements such as swimming, cycling, and walking are also useful. However, sports involving sudden neck movements, such as tennis, can cause an exacerbation of complaints. In general, more neck should not be moved than the pain permits. Surgical Treatment Surgical treatment (surgery) is required for the following problems with the neck.      Spinal tumor or abscess      Having a spinal canal pressurizing the spinal cord with loss of muscle strength, sensation and reflex      Complaints continue despite treatment      Spine fracture and backbone shift      Those with severe spinal cord and nerve pressure  Useful Suggestions for people with neck pain: Never carry heavy objects, do not pull them and do not push them. Divide the loads evenly into both hands, as you carry them.      Do not left loads  with your head. Do not lift the load above the head level.      Do not keep your head straight forward or keep it in the same position.      Do not pinch the phone between your neck and shoulder while talking.      Keep your back straight while you sitting down.      If necessary, reinforce your neck with a neck cushion that matches your neck curl.      Do not fall asleep outside your bed.      Do not use excessively high pillows.      Edit your working conditions.      Change the computer and table position every 30 minutes

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