Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in the body that will limit the daily life of the person and cause comorbid illnesses. There are several different ways to identify excess fat tissue. The most common is Body Mass Index (BMI). The fat cell is an endocrine cell and the fat tissue is an endocrine organelle. Therefore, it secretes a number of substances including fatty tissue metabolites, cytokines, lipids and, among others, coagulation factors. Over-fat or obesity at significant levels causes increased levels of circulating fatty acids and inflammation. This can lead to insulin resistance and cause type 2 diabetes in the patient.
What are the types of obesity?
Body mass index ratio is very important in defining obesity. Those with body mass index between 30 and 34.90 are overweight, those between 35 and 39.90 are overweight, those with body mass index greater than 40 are included in the morbid obesity class. And along with many complaints lead to discomfort
What diseases are caused by obesity?
Obesity itself is a very serious disease that affects one's entire life. However, it also causes comorbid diseases. Obesity-triggered diseases are:
Obesity can cause type 2 diabetes in people by causing insulin resistance.
Blood pressure disorders are among the disorders caused by obesity. Complaints such as palpitations and shortness of breath affect one's quality of life in the negative.
Heart and vascular diseases can put a person's life at risk seriously.
Muscle and skeletal system can be seriously damaged.
Obesity can also lead to uterine, pelvic and intestinal diseases.
Sleep apnea, the problem of respiratory arrest in sleep, is at the head of the most serious disturbances caused by obesity
What are the causes of obesity?
Obesity can have more than one cause. These include:
Calorie and fat product high nutrition habits are the most important cause of obesity. Food should be avoided from fast food foods, fried foods and foods with high sugar content.
Inactivity and regular exercise are among the causes of obesity. It is of great importance that the calories taken from the body are burned with exercise and motion so that they are not stored in the oil.
Obesity does not originate only from malnutrition and inadequate behavior. Genetic factors and slow metabolism can also cause excessive fat accumulation in one's body.
How to prevent obesity?
In order to prevent obesity, metabolic disorders must be treated, if at all. Then healthy eating and regular exercise should be made an indispensable part of the lifestyle. Here are ways to prevent obesity:
Healthy and regular eating habits are very important for the prevention of obesity. Low fat and calorie content, high protein and vitamin content should be consumed. You also need to reduce the amount of portions your body can consume and overdose disorder. The amount of calories consumed daily should be calculated on a regular basis. At this point you have taken the most important step to reduce the risk of obesity.
It is very important to exercise regularly. You should take care to do the most appropriate thing on a regular basis, such as walking, cycling, swimming or other activities. You should be the first goal of your exercise plan, if you will ever build more of the calories you receive from the grapes.
How is obesity treated?
In the treatment of obesity, a specialist dietitian and exercise specialist are provided to give more weight.
The dietician allows the patient to adjust the dietary habits completely. The calorie is low, nutritional feature is high, balanced eating habit is obtained. Most importantly, the portions are reduced.
Exercise specialist prepares an exercise program for the general body structure and health of the person. Helps to give excessive weight by ensuring that the exercises are carried out regularly and steadily.
How is obesity rehabilitation applied?
Obesity rehabilitation is a last-seen effective treatment program implemented by physical therapists. The patient is initially assessed by a private team and a personalized treatment program is issued.
With obesity rehabilitation, not only can one get rid of excess weight, but also the treatment of comorbid diseases is provided. Muscle and skeletal system disorders, especially smart exercise, massage and so on. It is aimed to improve the general health of the person with the applications.
In obesity rehabilitation, treatment is planned considering the age, weight and general health status of the person. A full-scale therapy program is introduced, including diet and exercise specialists. Intelligent exercise tools allow the patient to exercise more easily and consistently.
With the patient's full compliance with the diet and exercise program, an average of 4 or 5 pounds per month can be achieved. Obesity rehabilitation is completed by withdrawing the body mass index of the patient to normal level. The patient is more eager to participate in the program with the advantage of having healthy muscles to lose weight in the first light of the day.