What is Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation?
Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, neuromuscular, musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems, physical and functional disorders.
Physical therapy refers to the use of physical agents and techniques in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Physical therapy methods are the application of physical agents from outside the body. The applied physical therapy agents do not create any lesions or wounds in our body. Reducing or eliminating the intentional pain of physiotherapy practice, the functioning of the organs to regain the daily life activities of the patient is to take place in society as an independent individual.
Rehabilitation is the treatment of congenital or acquired loss of mobility. In rehabilitation, the goal is to bring the patient to the highest possible level of physical, psychological, social, occupational and non-professional, and in education, despite environmental constraints and physiologic-anatomical disorders.
What are the purposes of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation?
Reduction of pain,
Influence of the circulation on the positive direction,
Removal of inflammation,
Restoration of functions; Increase of movement, strengthening and coordination of muscles,
Reducing the need for medication,
Prevention and correction of posture (posture) disorders can be counted.
Physical therapy and rehabilitation practices may be useful and necessary if medical and surgical treatments are inadequate-ineffective-unnecessary, if the disease is likely to become chronic and progressive, if it adversely affects daily life or if disability develops.
What are the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Practices?
An appropriate physical therapy program is planned according to the patient condition. Physical therapy should be done under the supervision of a specialist physician. This treatment schedule may include one or more of the application of medication and physical therapy and therapeutic exercises.
Physical Therapy program to be applied
Superficial heat (infrared, hot pack, paraffin, swirl bath),
Deep heat (ultrasonic, short wave diathermy, radar),
Electrotherapy (tens, electrostimulation, vacuum-interference, diadinami, galvanic-faradic current)
Hydrotherapy (contrast bath, spa treatment, underwater massage, electrogalvanic bath, swirl bath),
Mechanotherapy (mobilization and manipulation, support of traction, pneumatic compression, splint, brays, corset, bandage, cane etc.)
Like therapeutic exercises
It may involve one or more of the physical therapy methods.
What are the treatments under Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation?
Acute and chronic pain treatment
Treatment and follow-up of rheumatic diseases
Orthopedic rehabilitation and sports injuries
Rehabilitation of neurological and neuromuscular diseases
Metabolic bone diseases (Osteoporosis etc.)
Congenital or acquired joint and bone disorders
How Long is the Time for Physical Therapy?
Physical therapy is done in sessions. A total of 15-20 sessions of 1-1.5 hours are applied. Rehabilitation is a longer process, treatment can take many years
Are Physical Therapy Practices Painful ?
During physical therapy, the patient does not feel pain. However, if the patient has limited joints, for example if he can not lift his shoulder, then the physiotherapy may cause slight pain as it contains stretching exercises.
What are the Situations Where Physiotherapy is Inappropriate?
Inflammation (inflammatory) is not effective on the active periods of rheumatic diseases (joints, swelling, periods when it is hot and painful), vascular occlusions, varicose veins, open sores and inflamed areas.
What are the Possible Risk and Side Effects of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Practices?
treatment approaches have very few risk and Side effects . However, uncommon effects such as skin rashes and tenderness can be seen in rare cases.
Significant risks that are even more uncommon are skin burns, heart rhythm disorders, skin hypersensitivity, blood pressure changes, muscle-tendon injury-breakdown, electrical shock during opening of joint constraints.
Risks are rarely seen in the presence of appropriate technique, adequate medical equipment and experienced medical personnel.
In order to minimize the frequency of these cases, you should give your doctor detailed information about your pre-treatment medical condition. You should tell your doctor about the conditions of known drug allergies and diseases.