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Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

What is Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation?

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, neuromuscular, musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems, physical and functional disorders.

Physical therapy refers to the use of physical agents and techniques in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Physical therapy methods are the application of physical agents from outside the body. The applied physical therapy agents do not create any lesions or wounds in our body. Reducing or eliminating the intentional pain of physiotherapy practice, the functioning of the organs to regain the daily life activities of the patient is to take place in society as an independent individual.

Rehabilitation is the treatment of congenital or acquired loss of mobility. In rehabilitation, the goal is to bring the patient to the highest possible level of physical, psychological, social, occupational and non-professional, and in education, despite environmental constraints and physiologic-anatomical disorders.


What are the purposes of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation?

Reduction of pain,
     Muscle relaxation,
     Influence of the circulation on the positive direction,
     Removal of inflammation,
     Restoration of functions; Increase of movement, strengthening and coordination of muscles,
     Reducing the need for medication,
     Prevention and correction of posture (posture) disorders can be counted.

Physical therapy and rehabilitation practices may be useful and necessary if medical and surgical treatments are inadequate-ineffective-unnecessary, if the disease is likely to become chronic and progressive, if it adversely affects daily life or if disability develops.

What are the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Practices?
An appropriate physical therapy program is planned according to the patient condition. Physical therapy should be done under the supervision of a specialist physician. This treatment schedule may include one or more of the application of medication and physical therapy and therapeutic exercises.

Physical Therapy program to be applied

     Cold response,
     Superficial heat (infrared, hot pack, paraffin, swirl bath),
     Deep heat (ultrasonic, short wave diathermy, radar),
     Electrotherapy (tens, electrostimulation, vacuum-interference, diadinami, galvanic-faradic current)
     Hydrotherapy (contrast bath, spa treatment, underwater massage, electrogalvanic bath, swirl bath),
     Mechanotherapy (mobilization and manipulation, support of traction, pneumatic compression, splint, brays, corset, bandage, cane etc.)
     Like therapeutic exercises

It may involve one or more of the physical therapy methods.

What are the treatments under Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation?
Acute and chronic pain treatment
Treatment and follow-up of rheumatic diseases
Orthopedic rehabilitation and sports injuries
Rehabilitation of neurological and neuromuscular diseases
Pediatric rehabilitation
Metabolic bone diseases (Osteoporosis etc.)
Congenital or acquired joint and bone disorders
Post-burn rehabilitation
Cardiac rehabilitation
Geriatric rehabilitation

How Long is the Time for Physical Therapy?
Physical therapy is done in sessions. A total of 15-20 sessions of 1-1.5 hours are applied. Rehabilitation is a longer process, treatment can take many years

Are Physical Therapy Practices Painful ?
During physical therapy, the patient does not feel pain. However, if the patient has limited joints, for example if he can not lift his shoulder, then the physiotherapy may cause slight pain as it contains stretching exercises.

What are the Situations Where Physiotherapy is Inappropriate?
Inflammation (inflammatory) is not effective on the active periods of rheumatic diseases (joints, swelling, periods when it is hot and painful), vascular occlusions, varicose veins, open sores and inflamed areas.

What are the Possible Risk and Side Effects of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Practices?

treatment approaches  have very few risk and Side effects . However, uncommon effects such as skin rashes and tenderness can be seen in rare cases.
     Significant risks that are even more uncommon are skin burns, heart rhythm disorders, skin hypersensitivity, blood pressure changes, muscle-tendon injury-breakdown, electrical shock during opening of joint constraints.
     Risks are rarely seen in the presence of appropriate technique, adequate medical equipment and experienced medical personnel.
     In order to minimize the frequency of these cases, you should give your doctor detailed information about your pre-treatment medical condition. You should tell your doctor about the conditions of known drug allergies and diseases.

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  • Yorumlar

    Caner Akıncı - 2017-02-28 13:27:17

    Arkadaşım burda tedavi oldu hemen iyleşti süpersin romatem

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    lergam brahim - 2018-05-10 13:12:18

    good morning, please can l have the full price of care or for one month treatment for left hemiplegia . thank you.

  • Yorumlar

    Caner Akıncı - 2017-02-28 13:27:17

    Arkadaşım burda tedavi oldu hemen iyleşti süpersin romatem

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Rheumatic Pain Treatment

Rheumatic Pain Treatment

Rheumatic Pain Treatment Rheumatic diseases affect your joints and muscles. Some, like osteoarthritis, are a result of wear and tear. Others are, for example, rheumatoid arthritis, immune system problems. Your treatment plan will most likely be drugs, physical therapy and a healthy diet, stress management and rest. In this case, a specialist rheumatologist will assist you in finding the best treatment plan for your condition. Rheumatism; Elbows, joints, and soft tissues. The rheumatic diseases that occur in soft tissues are usually caused by inflammation. Causes severe pain in the waist and knee areas. What are the symptoms of rheumatic diseases? Rheumatism is characterized by the following seven symptoms: 1) pain or discomfort generally felt near one or more joints (including the spine) 2) pain associated with movement in the affected area 3) Pain felt when touching the affected area 4) Curing of the affected parts, especially when immobilized 5) Symptomatic improvement after mild exercise, but worsening after severe exercise 6) Symptomatic deterioration in response to climatic factors, especially falling barometric pressure and rising humidity 7) Improvement by hot application to the affected region / region Although not all of the seven symptoms are present in all rheumatic pain syndromes, at least the first four symptoms are present in the majority   Which regions affect rheumatism? Rheumatism can be seen with many diseases. These diseases are: Osteoarthritis (OA): Osteoarthritis damages cartilage, the soft material at the tip of the bones. When worn, joints are damaged and are difficult to move. It usually affects knees, hips, lumbar support, neck, fingers and feet. Symptoms are pain, swelling, temperature, stiffness. Muscle weakness can make joints unbalanced. Depending on which parts of the body it affects, the OA can make it difficult to walk, to hold objects, to dress, or even sit. Rheumatoid arthritis: Lupus (also called SLE or systemic lupus erythematosus) is an autoimmune disease. It can affect many organs in your body like:     Joint pain     Fatigue     Joint stiffness     Skin rashes     Sun sensitivity     Hair loss     Bruising on the toes when exposed to cold     Problems with other organs such as the kidneys     Anemia, low white blood cells or blood diseases such as platelets     Chest pain, heart or lung inflammation     Seizures or bumps Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis usually begins with low back pain. It mostly involves joints of the spine that are attached to the pelvis, known as sacroiliac joints. Ankylosing spondylitis is more common in young people under 30 years of age. The symptoms are:     Gradual pain in back and hip     Increased back pain can go up to the backbone     Pain felt in the shoulder and neck     Pain and stiffness on the back, especially at rest     Pain and stiffness are better after activity     Pain in the upper and lower parts of the back     If the condition worsens, the spine gets harder and it is difficult to carry out daily activities. Sjogren's syndrome causes a part of the body to dry out, such as eyes or mouth. It occurs when the immune system attacks some parts of the body. Women are more common than men. The specifications are:      Eye foundation      Eye irritation and burning      Oral establishment      Tooth decay and gum disease      Percent swelling      Joint pain and stiffness (rarely)      Internal organ diseases (rarely) Other conditions causing rheumatism are: Bursitis, tendinitis, frozen shoulder, carpal tunnel syndrome and gut. How are rheumatic diseases treated? Pain medications are used to relieve pain in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. Rheumatic medicines in the form of gels or pills are used prescription. Anti-inflammatory pain relievers can also be used in the treatment of rheumatism. If simple painkillers do not work, the pain can be reduced by using narcotic painkillers to numb the area. Narcotics painkillers must be taken under the supervision of a doctor. Because some of the side effects such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness are found. Non-steroidal drugs are used to treat inflammation. One of the most effective treatment methods used in body inflammation is cortisone treatment. Cortisone treatment is used for inflammation that occurs on soft tissue. How to treat rheumatic diseases with physical therapy? In the treatment of rheumatic diseases, physical therapy methods offer a very effective treatment. Among the techniques used in therapy are warm practice, intelligent exercise devices, and exercise exercises suitable for the person's illness and special massages. Rheumatoid diseases are also included among the diseases in which physical therapy and rehabilitation have the highest success rate of treatment.

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Fibromyalgia Treatment

Fibromyalgia Treatment

Fibromyalgia Treatment is treatment of chronic pain syndrome, which is often accompanied by widespread muscle pain, sleep disturbance and fatigue. It is a musculoskeletal system disease that has widespread pain, especially in the back, neck, shoulders and in the hips. It is most common between the ages of 25 and 55 years, and is more common in women than men, although it can be seen in all ages and both cinste. It is a chronic disease that does not lead to limitation of movement in joints but disrupts the quality of life of the person. Although the cause of the disease is unknown, it is related to many situations such as stress, anxiety, depression, heavy work temposu, damp environment, sleep disorders, long term computer use. Signs and symptoms that constitute the clinical picture in fibromyalgia syndrome are very diverse. The underlying signs and symptoms are chronic widespread pain and tender points in certain areas. Fatigue, sleep disturbance, subjective swelling, numbness, dizziness, weakness are very common symptoms of the disease. Blood tests and radiological examinations are normal. The diagnosis of fibromyalgia is by anemny and clinical examination. fibromyalgia It is very important to inform and educate the patient about the disease as it is in every disease. It must be said that the patient's illness is "real" but not a deforming or disabling disease. Pain medicines, antidepressants, muscle relaxants and sleep regulating drugs are used according to the patient's condition in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Physical therapy agents and exercise programs are the most important part of the treatment. Also ozone therapy, acupuncture and trigger point injections applied in our clinic are very effective in fibromyalgia.

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Obesity Rehabilitation

Obesity Rehabilitation

Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in the body that will limit the daily life of the person and cause comorbid illnesses. There are several different ways to identify excess fat tissue. The most common is Body Mass Index (BMI). The fat cell is an endocrine cell and the fat tissue is an endocrine organelle. Therefore, it secretes a number of substances including fatty tissue metabolites, cytokines, lipids and, among others, coagulation factors. Over-fat or obesity at significant levels causes increased levels of circulating fatty acids and inflammation. This can lead to insulin resistance and cause type 2 diabetes in the patient. What are the types of obesity? Body mass index ratio is very important in defining obesity. Those with body mass index between 30 and 34.90 are overweight, those between 35 and 39.90 are overweight, those with body mass index greater than 40 are included in the morbid obesity class. And along with many complaints lead to discomfort What diseases are caused by obesity? Obesity itself is a very serious disease that affects one's entire life. However, it also causes comorbid diseases. Obesity-triggered diseases are:      Obesity can cause type 2 diabetes in people by causing insulin resistance.      Blood pressure disorders are among the disorders caused by obesity. Complaints such as palpitations and shortness of breath affect one's quality of life in the negative.      Heart and vascular diseases can put a person's life at risk seriously.      Muscle and skeletal system can be seriously damaged.      Obesity can also lead to uterine, pelvic and intestinal diseases.      Sleep apnea, the problem of respiratory arrest in sleep, is at the head of the most serious disturbances caused by obesity What are the causes of obesity? Obesity can have more than one cause. These include:      Calorie and fat product high nutrition habits are the most important cause of obesity. Food should be avoided from fast food foods, fried foods and foods with high sugar content.      Inactivity and regular exercise are among the causes of obesity. It is of great importance that the calories taken from the body are burned with exercise and motion so that they are not stored in the oil.      Obesity does not originate only from malnutrition and inadequate behavior. Genetic factors and slow metabolism can also cause excessive fat accumulation in one's body. How to prevent obesity? In order to prevent obesity, metabolic disorders must be treated, if at all. Then healthy eating and regular exercise should be made an indispensable part of the lifestyle. Here are ways to prevent obesity:     Healthy and regular eating habits are very important for the prevention of obesity. Low fat and calorie content, high protein and vitamin content should be consumed. You also need to reduce the amount of portions your body can consume and overdose disorder. The amount of calories consumed daily should be calculated on a regular basis. At this point you have taken the most important step to reduce the risk of obesity.     It is very important to exercise regularly. You should take care to do the most appropriate thing on a regular basis, such as walking, cycling, swimming or other activities. You should be the first goal of your exercise plan, if you will ever build more of the calories you receive from the grapes. How is obesity treated? In the treatment of obesity, a specialist dietitian and exercise specialist are provided to give more weight. The dietician allows the patient to adjust the dietary habits completely. The calorie is low, nutritional feature is high, balanced eating habit is obtained. Most importantly, the portions are reduced. Exercise specialist prepares an exercise program for the general body structure and health of the person. Helps to give excessive weight by ensuring that the exercises are carried out regularly and steadily. How is obesity rehabilitation applied? Obesity rehabilitation is a last-seen effective treatment program implemented by physical therapists. The patient is initially assessed by a private team and a personalized treatment program is issued. With obesity rehabilitation, not only can one get rid of excess weight, but also the treatment of comorbid diseases is provided. Muscle and skeletal system disorders, especially smart exercise, massage and so on. It is aimed to improve the general health of the person with the applications. In obesity rehabilitation, treatment is planned considering the age, weight and general health status of the person. A full-scale therapy program is introduced, including diet and exercise specialists. Intelligent exercise tools allow the patient to exercise more easily and consistently. With the patient's full compliance with the diet and exercise program, an average of 4 or 5 pounds per month can be achieved. Obesity rehabilitation is completed by withdrawing the body mass index of the patient to normal level. The patient is more eager to participate in the program with the advantage of having healthy muscles to lose weight in the first light of the day.

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