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Stroke Rehabilitation

What is stroke ?

Stroke is a condition with a loss of muscle function that can be seen with loss of sensation, and is also called loss of sensation at the same time. This term derives from the Greek word meaning nerve impairment. The reason for this is the loss of motor function or sensory information in the nervous system.

There are two main reasons leading to stroke. Paralysis is caused by damage to the brain or spinal cord. Paralysis, which is more common in older ages, is seen in only a certain part of the body, not in the whole. Paralytic sensation and loss of motion are usually unilateral and are seen only on the right or left side of the body.

What are the causes of stroke?

There are several possible reasons for someone having a temporary or permanent stroke. It usually occurs as a result of damage to the spinal cord or other parts of the nervous system. These damages are:

     Cerebral palsy
     Peripheral neuropathy
     Parkinson's disease
     Spina bifida
     Multiple sclerosis
     Guillain Barre Syndrome

In addition, some medicines affect the function of the nerves and in rare cases can cause paralysis

What are Stroke species?

Paralysis can be classified as generalized paralysis if a certain part of the body, such as the face or hand, is affected locally or if a large part of the body is affected. There are more specific terms to describe specific areas of the affected body:

     Monoplejide paralyzed on an extremity.
     Hemiplegia, arm and leg are paralyzed on one side of the body.
     Paraplegia is the paralysis of some parts of the lower body, such as both the legs and the pelvis.
     Tetraplegia, or quadriplegia, is the hallucination of both arms or legs.

What are the conditions that cause paralysis?

Paralysis can also cause other health problems. It is known that urinary incontinence and intestinal incontinence in particular affects many people who have suffered paralysis. In addition, sexual functions of both men and women are adversely affected.

Due to excessive pressure on certain tissues in the body, pressure ulcers may also occur.

Many people experience psychological consequences as a consequence of changes related to stroke. Depression is very common because individuals can not survive the life they are used to and it can be difficult to adapt to this change

How is paralysis treated?

The goal in the treatment of paralyzed patients is, in general, to live as independently as possible with the highest quality of life. Optimal treatment for each patient with stroke is due to the effect of the stroke and the quality of life.

Devices that help with the disability can provide solutions to some stroke types. For example, paraplegics that lose the function of the lower part of the body can use a wheelchair and can live a relatively independent lifestyle.

For people who are paralyzed on the upper part of their body, they can help with mobility if they control the movement of an electric wheelchair.

Orthoses are another alternative designed to improve extremity function and compensate for weaknesses in affected muscles.

Follow-up of the complications of paralysis is very important. Being aware of possible complications helps to be able to be diagnosed earlier if the signs come to a point. Early diagnosis facilitates the treatment of the patient and increases the quality of life. In addition, medical treatment of these conditions is justified and every patient should be addressed in order to improve the quality of life.

What you must to know about stroke rehabilitation:

The sessions of stroke rehabilitation vary from about 1.5 to 2 hours. Prior to rehabilitation, a special treatment plan is issued to the physiotherapist patient. The treatment takes into account the age of the patient, the state of health, the severity of the paralysis and the cause of the disease. The positive or negative result of physiotherapy applied to the patient in stroke rehabilitation depends on the level of the phallus. The purpose of physical therapy is to ensure that the patient carries out his / her care.

In stroke rehabilitation, exercise practices, cold warm treatment methods and massages are performed in the presence of sick smart devices. One of the most effective methods of paralysis treatment is pool exercises. The water helps raise the weight of the body by lifting a great weight. This reduces the load on the patient and makes the movements easier for him.

The main purpose of physiotherapy is to perform the former function of the patient or to improve it. The patient must be able to take their own needs like taking a shower, eat food, use  the toilet on their own Swallowing and speaking exercises are also practiced. Physical therapy is also given psychological support.

Spinal Cord paralysis

Spinal cord paralysis usually occurs in situations such as falls, injuries, traffic accidents, severe bumps. For this reason, it occurs quite often.

In spinal cord paralysis, the function of the whole body in general is not lost. In the spinal cord paralysis, only the right or left leg, arm, waist, shoulder may lose its separate half function. 

Physiotherapy is started after spinal cord injury is eliminated in spinal cord injury treatment. Personal physiotherapy plan is prepared by taking into account all of the area of phallus, the level of the phallus, age of the patient, general health condition. Correct rehabilitation therapy plays a very important role in the success of the treatment with the effort of the patient and his / her relatives.

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