Vertigo is a condition that causes dizziness or swinging problems even when it is completely inactive. This type of dizziness is felt when you are standing in Vertigo, it disappears after a few minutes. In contrast, when vertigo occurs spontaneously or after a damage event, it also tends to run for several hours or even days without interruption.
Sound waves pass through the outer ear canal until reaching the ear drum. From here, the sound is transmitted through the inner ear to three small bones-the innermost, through the malleus and the staples-into the cochlea, and finally into the vestibular nerve, and the signal transforms into brain-borne vibrations. Another important part of the inner ear is that it has semi-circular channels. They are set at right angles to each other and are covered with sensitive cells to act as a gyroscope to the body. Along with the sensitivity of the hair cells in the ducts, this distinctive system gives instant feedback on our position in the limb
What are the causes of vertigo?
There are several different reasons for dizziness. Vertigo can be defined depending on whether it is peripheral or central. When peripheral vertigo is caused by a problem in the inner ear, the main causes of dizziness can occur in the brain or spinal cord. The inner ear may become inflamed due to the disease, or small crystals or stones normally found in the inner ear may come out of them and cause irritation in the small hair cells in the semicircular channels and thus cause vertigo. This is called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).
Meniere's disease, vertigo associated with hearing loss, and tinnitus (ear tinnitus) are caused by fluid accumulation in the inner ear. The cause of this accumulation of fluid is not yet known. Head injuries can damage the inner ear and cause dizziness. Rarely, certain areas of the brain can cause pulse dizziness that affects multiple sclerosis or tumors. Some types of migraine can also cause dizziness.
Visual disturbances can also cause vertigo. It is advised that those who have complaints of dizziness should have an eye examination and check their eye balance and visual disturbances.
Finally, vertigo problems can also occur if the balance of the musculoskeletal system is impaired.
What are the risk factors of vertigo?
Head injuries can increase the risk of developing vertigo. Some antiseptic drugs, blood pressure medications, antidepressants and even aspirin may be different drugs. Anything that increases your risk of stroke (high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes and cigarette smoking) can also increase your risk of developing vertigo. For some people, drinking can cause dizziness. Investigations on the incidence of head turn; Between 2% and 3% of a population are at risk of developing vertigo. The risk of it in older women appears to be slightly higher.
What are the most common statements of vertigo?
The indication of vertigo is dizziness and swinging. These symptoms may also occur when there is no movement. In addition to dizziness symptoms, nausea or vomiting is also seen.
How is vertigo diagnosed?
Age, gender, disease indications of the patient
measure ear infection or inner ear fluid balance
EEG brain examination
How is vertigo treated?
There are many different techniques available for vertigo treatment:
Vertigo treatment depends on the cause. In most cases, dizziness disappears spontaneously without any intervention. The reason for this is that your brain can at least partially adapt to inner ear changes based on other mechanisms to achieve balance. For some, treatment is necessary and may include the following:
Vestibular rehabilitation: A type of physical therapy designed to help strengthen the vestibular system. The function of the vestibular system sends signals to the brain related to head and body movements according to gravity. If recurrent vertigo attacks are present, vestibular rehabilitation may be recommended. Helps to develop your other senses to compensate for Vertigo.
Canalize displacement maneuvers: Offers a range of head and body movements for vertigo treatment. The movements are made to carry calcium deposits from the canal to an inner ear chamber and thus become absorptive in the body. As the ducts move, the dizziness indication is likely to be visible during the procedure. A doctor or physiotherapist may guide you during the movements. Movements are safe and generally effective.
Drugs: In some cases, drugs may be prescribed to relieve symptoms such as vertigo-related nausea or nausea. If the dizziness is caused by an infection or inflammation, antibiotics or steroids may swell and treat the infection. For Meniere’s disease, diuretics (water pills) can be prescribed to reduce the pressure from fluid accumulation.
Surgery: In a few cases, surgery may be necessary for vertigo. If head trauma is caused by a more serious underlying problem, such as a tumor, brain or neck injury, treatment of these problems may help reduce dizziness.