What is a Stroke?
Stroke is non-traumatic damage to the brain tissue due to impaired blood supply of a part of the brain as a result of a blockage in the brain vessels (clotting or narrowing of the vessel diameter gradually over time) or bleeding.
What are the Risk Factors for Stroke?
Known risk factors for stroke are divided into two groups as changeable and non-changeable risk factors. The risk factors that cannot be changed can be listed as age, gender, race, family history, previous stroke or obstructive attack history.
Modifiable risk factors are:
- Diabetes (Diabetes)
- Excessive alcohol use
- Wrong eating habits
- Hyperlipidemia (high in blood lipids)
- Lack of physical movement
- Heart rhythm disturbances
- Heart valve diseases
Studies show that approximately 90% of stroke cases are due to modifiable risk factors, so they are preventable.
What is the Clinical Condition Resulting from Stroke?
As a result of a stroke, a clinical condition that can range from motor loss (weakness), sensory disturbance, balance coordination disorder, speech and swallowing disorders, urinary and fecal incontinence, and cognitive function loss can occur in one-half of the body depending on the lesion site.
How to Treat Stroke?
Stroke Treatment should start immediately after a stroke. If treatment is started within hours, permanent damage to the brain tissue can be prevented. Therefore, medical treatment is applied in the early period according to the type of stroke and the clinical condition of the patient. Rehabilitation is also part of this treatment and it is important to start early. You can get information about Romatem Early Period Rehabilitation Camp from our call center.
What is the Purpose of Stroke Rehabilitation?
The aim of the rehabilitation of stroke patients is to enable patients to live as independently as possible with maximum quality of life. While the first aim is to restore the impaired functions, it is also one of the main objectives of the rehabilitation program to treat some complications after stroke and to take all measures to prevent possible complications.
What are the Most Important Problems Requiring Rehabilitation in Stroke Patients?
movement (walking) problems and upper extremity (arms and hands) function loss are prominent in patients after stroke. Especially standing up and walking problems are the most addictive problems in patients. Shoulder, arm, and hand problems are important in terms of both causing pain and causing limitations in daily life activities.
Will There Be Recovery After a Stroke? Who Needs a Rehabilitation Program?
Approximately 10 percent of the patients who have a stroke can return to work and daily life activities without any sequelae. 10 percent of patients need constant care in inpatient care centers despite everything. The remaining 80 percent of patients need an active rehabilitation program.
Does the Brain Renew Itself? Does it heal spontaneously? What is the Most Important Factor Affecting this?
In recent years, studies on neurophysiological mechanisms have been intensified and it has been understood that the brain has a great potential for clinical recovery and adaptation after stroke. With this mechanism called neuroplasticity, the brain is restructured and the brain renews itself. And the factor that works best or activates this potential is found to be rehabilitation approaches, and it has been understood that rehabilitation plays a key role in reducing post-stroke sequelae and disability.
What are the complications (problems) seen after stroke?
As a result of a stroke, a clinical picture can occur from motor loss (weakness), sensory disturbance, balance coordination disorder, speech and swallowing disorders, urinary and fecal incontinence, and cognitive function loss in one-half of the body. In addition to these, joint contractures, movement limitations, spasticity, shoulder dislocation and shoulder pain, bladder dysfunction, bowel dysfunction, deep vein thrombosis, speech problems, swallowing problems, pressure sores, depression, sleep problems, infections, osteoporosis, falls and complications such as fractures, shoulder-hand syndrome, brachial plexus lesion may occur.
What is done in the Stroke Rehabilitation Program?
In the stroke rehabilitation program, along with conventional treatment approaches such as range of motion exercises, stretching exercises, muscle strengthening exercises, balance and gait training, neurofacilitation techniques, robotic rehabilitation (Walking, Arm and Hand, and Fingers Robots), pool treatments, mirror therapies, mandatory use treatments, virtual reality treatments, biofeedback, functional Newer and advanced rehabilitation approaches such as neuromuscular electrical stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation techniques can also be included in the treatment plan.